If you’ve noticed your cat sticking out its tongue you may be wondering why they are doing this and whether or not you should be concerned.
It’s common knowledge that dogs frequently stick their tongues out as a way to cool themselves down but, what about cats?
Your cats tongue is perfectly adapted to grooming and getting rid of food and loose hair but this can cause unpleasant items to end up in your cat’s mouth. This can result in your cat holding its tongue out trying to remove the item.
Dental diseases, heat stroke, motion sickness, poisoning and other health issues could also be playing a role in your cat holding its tongue out and drooling so keep an eye out for the signs and symptoms and take your cat to the vet if necessary.
If your cat is sleeping with part of the tongue sticking out, snap a cute picture and enjoy. There’s nothing wrong, your cat is just very relaxed.
If you’re unsure or worried, seek veterinarian advice for your furry friend.
What a Cat Uses Its Tongue For
If you’ve ever been licked by a cat you’ll know that their tongues are quite rough and dry, this is because they use their tongues to groom themselves. The small barbs that cover the tongue (called papillae) are essential when grooming in order to collect any loose hair or food particles.
Cats do not want any of their food stuck in their coat because in the wild the smell can attract other predators to the area. Of course, if your cat has cleaned something from their coat it will then be stuck to their tongue and go into their mouth.
If the item is unpleasant your cat may want to get rid of it but, unlike humans, a cat cannot just reach up and grab the item. Your cat may move their tongue in and out of its mouth as a way to try to remove the unwanted item.
If you see your cat repeatedly sticking its tongue in and out, this ordinarily should only last a minute or two.
You can check your cats mouth for inflammation and sores as well as stuck bits of food.
If you cannot see anything, the behaviour should not persist.
However, in older cats this behaviour or not being able to hold the tongue in the mouth may be a sign of dementia. If you are concerned or are noticing this behaviour, it is advised you consult a veterinarian.
My Cats Tongue is Out While Sleeping
This is completely normal; your cat is simply very relaxed and the slack of his jaw has allowed the tongue to stick out slightly.
If you see this behaviour, do not worry. Just as you may see your cat twitch during sleep, their tongue may stick out a bit too.
My Cat is Drooling & Licking Frequently
If your cat tends to lick a lot, you may also notice that they are occasionally drooling too.
This can be expected as cats produce saliva and therefore seeing some drool is normal.
However, there are situations when seeing this should cause alarm bells to ring. Below we’ve outlined some of the key ailments that may cause this behaviour.
Seeing your cats tongue sticking out and drool being produced may be a sign that closing their mouth is uncomfortable. This is commonly caused by periodontal disease, which is a bacterial infection resulting from poor dental hygiene.
The inflammation that infections, tooth decay or a chipped tooth can cause is very painful for your cat and that is why you are seeing signs of this in the form of the cat’s mouth being open and drool present.
This is a condition that is contributed to by poor dental hygiene. It can result in very painful ulcers forming in your cat’s mouth, throat, tongue and gums.
Key symptoms to look out for:
• Inability to close mouth
• Excessive drooling
• Inability to eat or groom
• Tongue hanging out
Feline stomatitis is relatively uncommon but is a severe condition. To help avoid conditions such as this from occurring you can alter your cats diet to food that encourages oral health by reducing tartar and plaque and you can offer dental treats that help keep your kitty’s mouth and teeth clean and fresh.
If you have noticed any sores, discomfort or blood in your cat’s mouth or saliva then you should consult a veterinarian.
A cat who has been left in a very hot environment and has no access to fresh clean water may suffer from heatstroke. Ordinarily, a cat’s temperate stays at around 38 degrees Celsius and this does not commonly fluctuate.
Your cat may stick their tongue out as a way to try to regulate temperature when suffering from heatstroke.
Without shade and access to water it is very difficult for the cat to regulate temperature and panting is not very effective.
Signs of heatstroke:
• Tongue out – very red in colour
• Struggling to stay balanced
Elderly, obese and certain long haired breeds are more susceptible to heatstroke.
If your concerned your cat is suffering from heatstroke, take steps to gradually cool down his temperature and consult a veterinarian.
A cat who is in a car with their tongue out, panting and drooling may be experiencing motion sickness.
Motion sickness can be caused by fear, an imbalance of the inner ear, unfamiliar surroundings and past traumas. The sickness should subside when your cat is out of the car and at home.
Your cat sticking its tongue out may also be an indication of poisoning.
A poisoning situation may occur from the cat coming into contact with pesticides, household cleaners, fertilisers (which may have been used on household plants such as orchids – which are safe for cats on their own but fertiliser can be dangerous) or prey animals that have been poisoned.
If there is a chance your cat has come into contact with poison and is showing symptoms such as:
• Excessive drooling
• Sticking tongue out of mouth
• Difficult breathing
You should seek veterinarian assistance immediately.
Nose, throat or sinus infections can cause a cat to stick their tongue out and drool. If the cat is having a hard time breathing, the tongue will wag as the cat tries to inhale.
Signs of respiratory infection include:
• Shortness of breath
• Excessive drooling
• Tongue out
• Lack of balance
• Lack of interest in food and grooming
If you suspect your cat is suffering from a respiratory infection, seek veterinarian advice.